The Benefits of Outsourcing Forging to Turkey

In recent years multiple Eastern European, East Asian and Latin American countries have diversified their economies by planting new forging facilities within their borders. Low labor costs and increasingly friendly international trade relations have resulted in fierce competition for the traditional forging centers in Western Europe and the United States. Despite the lower prices offered, emerging forging markets lack one vital asset, experience.

A problem for purchasing managers now exists when high-quality end-products are demanded or strict delivery schedules must be adhered to. Due to pricing gaps, the abundance of low-cost forging shops led to the closures of experienced forging shops at staggering rates.

The demand for high-quality forged products and the necessity to fulfill inflexible delivery schedules still exists. Firms not willing to sacrifice quality and logistical matters now have fewer options. Purchasing managers must now look for experienced forging shops with production costs comparable to those of emerging markets.

Turkey is a unique find in the forging arena. Its first private forging facility, Çelik Sanayi, was founded in 1959. Many other forging shops were founded thereafter, allowing Turkey to become a top subcontractor for forgings throughout modern history. The nation’s forging sector’s long history places it in a position that rivals Western Europe and the United States. Furthermore, the low cost of production allows its forging facilities to compete with the newly emerging markets. For this reason, multiple forging shops of all sizes thrive in Turkey.

Another unique quality of the Turkish forging industry is its workforce. Turkey’s youth is highly educated, creating a large supply of new Engineers to staff the local forging facilities. Additionally, since Turkish forging companies have existed for nearly 50 years, there are numerous individuals willing to contribute a lifetime of experience.

Along with Turkey’s goal to join the European Union comes the necessity for rapid investments in technological upgrades across the manufacturing sector. Turkish companies are currently experiencing a golden era of upgrades and refurbishments. This allows Turkey-based forging facilities to offer clients the best services through continuously reaching and exceeding the standards required by the most regulated companies in both the EU and the United States.

Turkey’s location also offers a strategic geopolitical advantage. Turkey is in the close proximity of Europe, Asia and the Middle East, allowing for reductions in shipping costs and times. Additionally, Turkey enjoys the benefits of multiple trade agreements between the EU and the United States. For example, the United States has ratified an agreement allowing for no taxes on imported steel products from Turkey. Turkish forging facilities offer the best of both worlds, low prices and superior quality.

The Art and Etiquette of Friendship

Friendship is an art form. As a sculptor shapes clay or a painter brings shapes and color into life on a canvas, so too can we create lasting and fulfilling friendships. We’ve heard it said that to have a friend, you need to be one first. I’m not talking about a Facebook friendship, I am talking about a deep, powerful and real friendship. Gloria Naylor, the novelist and educator, said, “Sometimes being a friend means mastering the art of timing. There is a time for silence; a time to let go and allow people to hurl themselves into their own destiny and a time to prepare to pick up the pieces when it’s all over.”

Yes, there is an art and etiquette to friendship; real friendship. In general, people can be divided into two categories: givers and takers. Real friendship involves giving. It also involves knowing and understanding expectations and limitations on what a friendship involves. There are five simple rules regarding friendship which, if followed by both, will yield far more fulfillment for each friend than anything imaginable.

Rule Number one: Never presume upon a friendship. Our friend is not there to serve our every whim or fancy. He or she is not at our disposal. We should not place demands or expectations upon our friend which would cause them stress or rob them of their time.

Rule Number Two: Do not accept from a friend what you are not willing to give in return. True friendship involves the giving of both parties. Before you accept a friend’s time, energy and attention, think about what it is you are asking. Unless you are honestly willing to do the same, do not ask it of your friend.

Rule Number Three: Stay out of your friend’s closet. This is not his or her literal bedroom closet; this refers to their personal business and private affairs. In a true friendship, friends will usually tell one another everything. However, that is, and should be, the choice of each person. If your friend wants to tell you something personal, that is his or her business. The choice is that of our friend to do so. You should never to pry, question them or seem nosy.

Rule Number Four: Honor the confidentiality of your friendship. Whatever is said or told to one friend by another should, under no circumstances, be repeated or shared with anyone else. Just as we would expect our friend to honor our wishes of confidentiality, we should never betray that of theirs.

Rule Number Five. Accept your friend’s flaws as he/she accepts yours. No human being is perfect. We all have our flaws. It is easy to recognize the flaws in others without realizing our own. A lasting friendship is one in which both know when to stay mum and to give each other the time and space needed. We each have our good days and bad. Do not judge or criticize a friend and expect them to conform to our perfect idea of who they should be.

Good friends are hard to find. Lasting friendships are invaluable. It is said that if you can count your real friends on one hand, you are indeed very lucky. The word friendship is tossed around quite loosely. Each friendship is unique and has its own characteristics. We laugh with some; we cry with others. We discuss ideas with some and we engage in hobbies yet with others. The mutual respect of a friendship will lead to its strength and endurance.

Friendship Tattoo Ideas and Designs

Nothing is more special for a couple of friends than to have a symbol of their relationship displayed in a friendship tattoo. Friendship tattoos show the world that special place in your heart that your friend holds. A friendship tattoo is an excellent way of commemorating a special memory in a friendship or to celebrate a long lasting relationship among two people (or a group of people). There are many tattoo designs that can be used to always remember that special person(s) in your life. With friendship tattoos, you can choose to either have matching tattoos done or to select a design that will forever symbolize the important friendship in your life.

Friendship tattoos are often matching tattoos. It is a very good idea and highly recommended that both persons like the design of the tattoo. Selecting a matching friendship tattoo is one way to validate the special friendship you both share. The tattoo design can be anything. For example it can be a symbol of how you both met, your mutual favorite song or the thing you both enjoy doing the most. The options are limitless in the choices available for this special type of tattoo. Both friends should get together and decide what type of friendship tattoo they want to have tattooed. A symbol of character of some kind is a great idea, as it will be matching and still look good as a stand-alone tattoo.

Having your friends face or name tattooed on your body may not be the smartest idea you have ever had. What happens if the friendship ends down the road? Do you really want to be reminded of that failed friendship? You definitely want a tattoo that is self-explanatory and that doesn’t need a lengthy explanation. Symbols work really well as you can easily tell others what the symbol means without getting into details as to why you choose that particular design. Another great idea for a friendship tattoo is to choose a tattoo design and then split it in half, with each friend having just one side of the tattoo. This is a great idea, especially when you both get together and can join the tattoo as one.

Another excellent idea is to see a tattoo artist and have him design a special tattoo for the both of you that will express your deep friendship bond. Something that matches how you both feel towards each other, the song lyrics that make you think of one another or a scene from your favorite vacation spot together. Any of those things would make great ideas for a friendship tattoo.

There are a number of popular friendship tattoos that work really well in expressing deep relationships. The eternal friendship knot is a tattoo design with an infinity design and a diamond over the mid-ground. The Chinese symbol for friendship or the Irish symbol (The Claddagh) for love and friendship are excellent choices. The ying and yang symbols are also a nice touch. You may decide on the yellow rose tattoo, as that is the universal friendship symbol. Japanese and Chinese characters signifying love and friendship are also great ideas.

How Technology Is Changing Learning

With self-checkout counters at the grocery stores, Redbox movie rental kiosks and vending machines where you can purchase high-end electronics, face-to-face customer service is becoming a thing of the past. We are becoming increasingly self-reliant and potentially anti-social. However, not all new technology means cutting out the human interaction and businesses are taking advantage of this fact. In some cases, the interaction may be virtual but still face-to-face, real and beneficial to those engaged in the interaction. Webcam technologies such as online tutoring, online fitness classes and even online make-up consultations have made some services even more convenient and tailored toward the individual client.

Based on a study on webcam tutoring done by Tatiana Codreanu and Christelle Combe Celik, at the University of Nottingham, “Experienced teachers effectively channeled information through the webcam in order to engage learners in making sense of the discourse and knowledge construction.” This shows that when the expert who is engaged in these webcam experiences is effective and knowledgeable in their field, that they are able to convey their knowledge in a way that is comparatively affective to its non-virtual counterpart. So any face-to-face learning experience can likely be conducted via webcam, much like the tutoring available through Best Webcam Tutors or the fitness classes on Powhow.

Nothing relates more fully to taking a personal interaction and learning experience to use on your own schedule and in your own home than learning something as personal as style and make-up application. Inspiration Cosmetics, an online cosmetics retailer is doing just that with their product called the Discover Personal Live Webcam Makeup Consult. And in order to show that their teachers, or makeup artists in this case, are experienced, clients are informed that all of the makeup artists have Master Makeup Artist Certifications, cosmetology degrees, style training or aesthetician licenses.

Giving the credentials of the consultants, tutors or teachers available to a client is especially important when a service is being provided via webcam because it helps to provide credibility and comfort in a situation where a client may be fearful of a new way of reaching out for advice. The Discover Personal Live Webcam Makeup Consult experiences brings the experience of a cosmetics counter into the home, where makeup application typically occurs anyway. Studying and trying new work out routines are often done in the home too, in order to avoid any fear or insecurity on the part of the learner. Webcam technology is giving clients the chance to learn on their own time, in their own space.

True Friendships – How to Get True Friends and Friendships

True Friendship – Recognition

How can we find true friendships in this fast and selfish world? This world is not a permanent world and our life in this temporary world is very short like a thin string tied between two edges. In this time how can we find friends and friendships which are true and trustable. Friendships involve recognition or familiarity with another’s personality. Friends must share likes and dislikes, interest, views, passion of their life and world. This gives a lot of recognition with the person whom we need have friendship.

How can we recognize potential friendships? There is a lot of symptoms which include mutual desire for companionship and perhaps a common bond in some topics similar to each other. Beyond that a genuine and mutual friendship involves a shared sense of caring and concern, a desire to see one another grow and develop, and a hope for each other to succeed in all aspects of life. True friendship involves action: doing something for someone else while expecting nothing in return; sharing thoughts and feelings without fear of judgment or negative criticism.

True Friendship – Relationship, Trust, Accountability

True friendship involves relationships. Those mutual attributes we mentioned above become the foundation in which recognition transpires into relationship. Many people say, “Oh, he’s a good friend of mine,” yet they never take time to spend time with that “good friend.” Friendship takes time: time to get to know each other, time to build shared memories, time to invest in each other’s growth.

Trust is essential to true friendship. We all need someone with whom we can share our lives, thoughts, feelings, and frustrations. We need to be able to share our deepest secrets with someone, without worrying that those secrets will end up on the Internet the next day! Failing to be trustworthy with those intimate secrets can destroy a friendship in a hurry. Faithfulness and loyalty are key to true friendship. Without them, we often feel betrayed, left out, and lonely. In true friendship, there is no backbiting, no negative thoughts, no turning away.

True friendship requires certain accountability factors. Real friends encourage one another and forgive one another where there has been an offense. Genuine friendship supports during times of struggle. Friends are dependable. In true friendship, unconditional love develops. We love our friends no matter what and we always want the best for our friends.

True Friendship – Solution to every problems

If you have a true friendship with some singles or personals, then you don’t need to worry about any problems that you face. A true friendship is often referred to the solutions that a person needs. When we are in trouble we can ask for soluton to the trustable true friends and friendship only. We can’t expose our problems to others who are not having true friendship with us. But when we discuss our problem we get a solution from our friends, friends never expose our weekness and try to hide them from coming out. They give better solutions than others. We can discuss any problem with friends who are true in their friendship.

True Friendship – Real Help in needed time

A real true friendship offers helping hands to the friends who are in trouble. As I said it is a solution for problems, true friends are also the helpers for others. Friends never let us go sink into problems. Instead friends try to rescue us from problems by helping us. With friends and friendships there will be a common bonding named helping. Friends never runaway from problems of other friends.

Real and true friendship involves freedom of choice, accountability, truth, and forgiveness. Real friendship looks at the heart, not just the “packaging.” Genuine friendship loves for love’s sake, not just for what it can get in return. True friendship is both challenging and exciting. It risks, it overlooks faults, and it loves unconditionally, but it also involves being truthful, even though it may hurt. Genuine friendship, also called “agape” love, comes from the Lord. When we’ve offended a true friend – whether by breaking a trust or by speaking the truth with love – we risk losing that friendship. We must be careful not to break the trust. But when not speaking the truth will cause greater hurt in our friend’s life, we must be willing to sacrifice our needs for those of our friend. That is true friendship.

So never offend any true friendship – try to get more true friendships in this earth.

Friendship Day Celebrations

Friendship is one of the most endearing things in human relationships. Like the quote from the famous author Albert Camus goes- “Don’t walk in front of me, I may not follow. Don’t walk behind me, I may not lead. Walk beside me and be my friend,” friendship is all about equality and sharing our joys and sorrows together. It gives meaning and adds spice to our lives. We are social animals and thrive on mutual co-operation. And friendship is one of the basic building blocks of social harmony. No wonder people have revered the joys of Friendship since ages. Stories and legends in many cultures all over the world are filled with tales of friends who sacrificed their lives for each other. But even though friendship has been revered from time immemorial, the tradition of celebrating it on a special day is comparatively recent.

The idea of dedicating a day in honor of friends and friendship was initially created by the greeting card industry. It was originally promoted by Joyce Hall, the founder of Hallmark cards in 1930. Originally Friendship Day was intended to be on the 2nd of August every year and it was chosen because the day was the centre of the largest lull between holiday celebrations. But now International Friendship Day celebrations take place on the first Sunday of August every year. Originally started in the USA, Friendship Day is now celebrated in many different countries all over the world. It is an occasion for celebrating friendship and honoring our friends. On Friendship Day, people spend time with their friends and express their admiration and love for each other. Some of the most popular traditions on the occasion are exchange of flowers, wrist bands, friendship day cards and other gifts.

So celebrate the occasion by gifting your friends with heartfelt and memorable presents. Get something special or make one that complements their personalities. Your friendship gifts do not have to be necessarily expensive. It is not the price and the value of the gifts that counts, but it is the thought and feeling behind the friendship gift that really matters. Your friends will understand even if you cannot get them expensive gifts after all nobody knows and understand you better than your dear friends. But they will definitely appreciate the time and effort you have invested in getting a gift for them on the occasion of Friendship Day.

Friendship – Bridge Between the Hearts

We all know human beings are gregarious by nature. It is due to this nature of ours, social life has immense infusion to our individual life. Perhaps that is why the great Greek Philosopher, Aristotle, claims man to be a social animal. Now friendship, if we further contemplate, is an indispensable reality of social life. In this brief paper, my aim is to provide a general idea of what true friendship is, along with its importance and benefits.

Denis Diderot, in his encyclopedia, defines friendship as “the commerce (with someone) in which the heart takes an interest because of the pleasure it derives from it.” Diderot further posits that the commerce involving pure mind rather than the heart is an acquaintance, not friendship. I would like to add a point to his claim. According to him, heart captures interest because of the “pleasure” friendship derives. Seeking only pleasure in friendship seems quite self-centered and unoriginal. Moreover, the source of affection and love between people, other than for kinsfolk, cannot simply be based on pleasure only. The truth is, however, when the heart finds interest due to the “virtues of the fellow person”, it is true friendship. Pleasure, namely, is one of the many influential upshots of a faithful relationship.

Many have also questioned the durability of friendships; how long a friendship between individuals is reckoned to last, in relation to diverse circumstances? The time period of a general friendship is considered to depend on multiple factors such as intensity of bond, age, dwelling, etc. In spite of this information, I personally believe a true friendship is never-ending, or more specifically, has timeless memories; both happy and sad. In some cases, friends might not be practically together due to residence remoteness and/or excessive work exertion. Yet, time and time again, a part in their hearts echoes with affection for one another; they are present in each others’ hearts. Now I would invite the readers to attend to the benefits of being under this umbrella of true love and source of ageless memories.

Benefits of Friendship

For quite some time, psychologists and researchers were tempted to discover the benefits of friendship. Though exploration still continues on the subject in an enormous amount, so far, tons of studies and programs have declared friendship “life-enhancing” (1). In contrast, the absence of friendship, or to simply put it; loneliness is deemed damaging to mental and physical health. The question is, what aspects of life and health does friendship influences, in order for, we call it “life-enhancing”? Let us explore the answer.

Conventional intelligence believes; friendships boost the individual’s sense of happiness. Happiness, in turn, has scores of positive biological and psychological impacts. For example, according to the research of Kira M. Newman, a writer and editor, happiness systematically protects the heart, strengthens the immune system, diminishes stress, combats diseases and disability, and enhances longevity. A couple of other potential advantages of friendships, proposed by many researchers, include the opportunity to learn about empathy and problem solving. Moreover, in front of friends, an individual feels at ease with his or her personal identity and innate habits. Such a comfortable zone directs the person towards no pressure; rather, it contributes to self-confidence and social development.

What is more, true friends are selfless and supportive to their fellow friends at difficult times. They can act as a source of motivation for one another, concerning the hardships of life. A report from Mayo Clinic is parallel to the prescription: friendships “increase your sense of belonging and purpose”; furthermore, they “help you cope with traumas, such as divorce, serious illness, job loss or the death of a loved one.” Therefore, one can avow, friendships are highly effective for the emotional dimension of human beings as well.

Conflicts in Friendship

In friendships too, like in any other relationship, involved individuals can quarrel, now and then. These disputes are temporary and are melted away by the warmth of mutual affection and understanding between true friends. However, lack of productive efforts or knowledge can exacerbate the situation as well. Hence, it is wise to explore the foundation of these clashes, in order to prevent them in the first place. Sufficient knowledge on the subject can also help the person to distinguish his true friends from the fake ones. Under this section, I underpin (and clarify) the reasons for conflicts in friendships into three chief bases; triviality, external grounds, and communication gaps.

Firstly, disputes may ensue when a trivial approach, intentional or unintentional, is adopted by an involved individual concerning friendship. A trivial approach, technically, refers to expressing insignificance in friendship or not taking the responsibility of being a friend sincerely. This can be due to paucity of knowledge about the role of accountability in friendship by the person (unintentional) or deliberate reasons (intentional), directing to the warning of a fake friend. The unintentional case is usually concerned towards the lower age groups of society. Let us observe the insightful words of Khalil Gibran on this matter, “friendship is always a sweet responsibility, never an opportunity (2).” It is noteworthy, responsibility in friendship is never onerous, for this reason, Mr. Gibran utilizes the word “sweet” before responsibility to brush aside any sort of misleading interpretation.

Secondly, a third-party aims to jeopardize friendship between individuals, owing to hatred or in their own personal interest. Assuming either motive, loyalty and honest communication between friends are the best remedies to thwart any iniquitous intervention.

Lastly, communication gaps occur when the message intended to be delivered by the speaker is not understood by the recipient. The reason behind this, as the name suggests, is poor communication. In friendships, this leads to misapprehension and, thus, towards negative estimations about the fellow friend. Solution to the issue lies in communication itself. Honest and open communication, or technically, effective communicative skills can ultimately bridge the communication gaps, and reduce the likelihood of their proliferation.

To conclude, friendship is an astounding and somewhat special gift of life; one which systematically benefits the friends at social and mental level, and in another sense, psychologically strengthens their willpower to live life confidently and optimistically, regardless of what the circumstances might be. Obviously, true friendship demands certain responsibilities at times, yet one should always remember that such responsibilities are “sweet”, which eventually result in creating pleasant and timeless memories! And once these memories are implanted in the brain, they somehow find a way to sprout the flower of love in the hearts. That’s why I think we can construe friendship as “bridge between the hearts” – don’t you agree?


1. Telfer, E., 1970-71, “Friendship”, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 71: 223-41.

2. “Khalil Gibran Quotes”. BrainyQuote. N.p., 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

Why Friendship And Dating Do Not Go Together

How often do we hear the statement from single people looking for new dates: “I’m seeking friendship first” because they like to get to ‘know’ the person before delving into anything more intimate. Men in particular, who fear commitment, love to hide behind this condition, while never really achieving their aim. But is such ‘friendship’ possible? Isn’t that putting the cart before the horse? Let’s look at the evidence.

Once I got talking online to a seemingly kindly man who fancied me. I explained clearly on the phone that I liked his personality but not enough to take it any further and I didn’t think it was a good idea to meet. He felt I was judging him from afar and that I should give him some chance to prove himself, especially when he was merely inviting me to lunch. He was sure that, if I was proved right, we could at least ‘be friends’. I was not sure about that but felt I ought to give him the benefit of the doubt to meet up and allow the situation to unfold.

In the end he was old-fashioned in his views, stuck in the past wishing for the ‘good old days’ and rather mean in affirming people, while being quick with criticism. I didn’t warm to him at all and the great personality didn’t seem so great in close-up! He also kept grabbing my hand to hold it and I wasn’t impressed as I dislike physical contact when I don’t feel comfortable. I reminded him of what I had said on the phone and he left the date promising to be ‘friends’ but was noticeably peeved that I wasn’t more amenable to his overtures. I never heard from him again, which did not really surprise me, because his desire for friendship was not genuine in the first place. It was a way to get nearer to me to help me change my mind about him. His ego was hurt and, as ‘friendship’ was not what he really sought, he didn’t care to keep the connection, even though we had shared a very good rapport. And that’s what happens in most instances like these. It is difficult to be friends when you fancy the person and wish to get closer to them but they are holding you at arms’ length, or vice versa. It is a clear mismatch, and in any mismatch one person is losing out, so friendship isn’t possible because it has an unequal and superficial foundation.

The Basis of Genuine Friendship

Genuine friendship originates from understanding another’s needs and aspirations and appreciating their pain and joy. It comes out of being able to empathise with them, in both good and bad times. Such knowledge and response are not possible until one knows another for a while and feels comfortable with their presence. Thus true friendship is highly unlikely with anyone we do not know well. When it comes to members of the opposite sex, or instances where there is clear attraction, friendship is the last thing on the cards because the feelings of attraction will overwhelm all other platonic ones and get in the way of real friendship developing.

When we fancy someone we can always fool ourselves that should the fancying not prove mutual, it can then turn into friendship and everyone will be happy. But this seldom happens between two strangers seeking to be affirmed and valued by one another. In any failure to have mutual attraction, one person is bound to feel rejected and so friendship is unlikely in such a scenario because he/she will not feel motivated to get to know the other any better. Their sense of rejection will propel them elsewhere to get the affirmation they seek.

Controlling Factors

Another reason for seeking ‘friendship’ in the first instance is the desire for control. To prevent being ‘hurt’, some people believe that seeking friendship first keeps pain at bay. But if there is going to be hurt, no amount of having friendship at the beginning is going to stave off the pain. Such hurt usually comes when we are at the familiar stage in relationships; when we take each other for granted or when one or both parties begin to lose their appeal. Not at the start of the relationship. So seeking friendship first is really delaying the inevitable in a superficial way, especially where one fears commitment, and has little to do with the desire for real friendship. We cannot replace sexual feelings with friendship because friendship is enduring while fancying someone is likely to be fleeting. Putting the two together is a contradiction in itself, especially when true friendship is only possible when the heady feelings of romance have taken their course and we appreciate the person as someone truly valuable in our journey because we have grown to like/love them more.

Next time you are seeking friendship first, ask yourself why you need tons of ‘friends’ instead of lovers. You might be surprised by the answers you get. Not only that, look back at all the dates that have failed to live up to expectations and count up all the real friendships that emerged from them. You are likely to find that once there was any kind of rejection involved, friendship would be the last thing anyone wanted at the time!