Gemstones – An Introduction

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Gemstones have always interested human beings from time in memorial. In the past, they were relegated to the rich and the elites in the society. They were featured in their cutlery, household assets and jewelry among other valuables. They have been passed over the years in various family lineages. Today, they still attract the same attention and are pricey. We are all mesmerized by their   unique  colors and shapes. They feature distinct mineralogy characteristics. They can fall upon various categories depending on color, cut, clarity and rarity upon other determinant factors.

What Characterizes Gems?

The stones can be categorized depending on several factors. However, typically they are grouped based on these factors;

Chemical Composition

A gemstone can comprise of one pure element or it can be a product of a mixture of several mineral compounds. Most gems contain both oxides and silicates which give them a characteristic color.

The structure of the crystal

Precious stones can be either a single crystal, a collection of massive microscopic crystals such as diamond or an amorphous compound. The crystallized stones can take many forms such as hexagonal, cubic and tetragonal among other sophisticated shapes. These kind of stones require careful cutting to ensure that the shape of the crystals is maintained.

Optical features

The optical characteristics of many gemstones are derived from their crystal structure and chemical composition. Color is one of the main feature that define gems. Most of them exude stunning hues when light shines upon them. Some will even portray a mixture of colors making them very adorable. Precious stones are also classified depending on their refractive indices. The refractive capability will vary among various minerals. Clarity is a common term when classifying gems. Some minerals have  unique  inclusions which can be crystals of other elements, gas or liquid cavities. Such inclusions help in the identification of the stones.

Specific gravity

This is defined as the ratio of a density of a gemstone relative to that of water. Some minerals such as amber floats effortlessly on salty water. Others such as diamond will sink regardless of the weight of the crystal.

Durability (Hardness)

Not every gem is resistance to breakage. Some such as nephrite are a bit soft whereas diamond is the toughest of them all. All these characteristics among others such as the availability of the mineral helps in placing the gemstones either as precious or semi precious. The hardness of a crystal can be measured by Mohs hardness scale from 1- softest to 10-hardest.

Assessment of Quality of Gems

Four factors are considered while determining the quality of gems. Color is a crucial aspect when evaluating a colored mineral. There are three qualities of color namely hue, saturation and tone. Hue is the position of the mineral on the color wheel, it can be red, black, orange, blue and such like. However, there will be variations of a single hue position such a darker and a lighter green and so forth.

Another crucial consideration is clarity. This is gauged by assessing the presence of inclusions in the mineral. Some stones will have inclusions while others do not feature any impurities whatsoever. If the inclusions are strategically placed and are few, they can enhance the beauty of the stone.

Thirdly, cut is another important quality that dictates the value of a particular gemstone. The main factors that are checked include; shape, cutting style, symmetry and finish.

Lastly, it is the carat weight. This is an essential consideration for anybody who is dealing with gems. One gram is equivalent to five carats. The price of the stone increases with the increase in the metric weight in carats.

Horoscopes

Based on the above factors, a gemstone can be precious or semi precious. Precious stones are the hardest and are rare, whereas semi precious stones are typically soft and in abundance. However, there are some variations. For instance, opals and pearls are regarded as precious although they are soft, owing to their rarity. Precious gemstones have high price tag as compared to semi precious stones.

Also they are those gemstones which relate to horoscopes. They are widely used in gemstone horoscope reading. They are nine zodiac signs namely Aries, Gemini, Taurus, Leo, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio,Libra, Sagittarius and Capricorn. Each star indicates the position of sun at the time of birth. Some of the stones that are primary stones of astrology include diamond, sapphire,emerald and ruby. According to experts gemstones can help in counteracting the negative occurrences of ones life in future. Hence, they advise that one should wear a gemstone that represents their star.

For instance, those whose zodiac sign is Leo should sport Ruby or Citrine whereas those in Aries should wear Coral. For Taurus the individuals should wear diamond and those who their star is Gemini are supposed to wear emerald. Also, Cancer should wear pearls, Libra should go for diamond and Scorpio should wear obsidian or coral. Sagittarius should sport topaz and Capricorn individuals should wear blue sapphire. Although, each person is supposed to wear a particular gemstone, one can still combine two or more gemstones to accrue great therapeutic benefits. If a person like a particular crystal but it is not their birthstone, they can still get it nonetheless.

Buying gemstones is not a smooth ride but the above information can get you a real gemstone.

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Mahjong Connect the Most Popular Game Type Appreciated by Veterans All Over

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Game of Mahjong that traces its origin in China has been a popular game that has entertained people from all over thoroughly. Not just kids and young, but people of all age group till day love to spend hours together playing this game of thrill and excitement. With various versions and types, one that enjoys ace popularity amongst all is what Mahjong Connect does.

A powerful game that has won great appreciations from veterans belonging world over was created by making alterations in the rules of the original game. A puzzle game that helps you earn points after every win is popular among all who love to enjoy their leisure time with some fun activity.

With total 140 tiles, that is much greater in count than most game types, mahjong connect is designed with a rectangular framework with 14 tiles placed across and 10 one on top of the other. With similar meanings, one tile that stands distinct amongst all is the flower tile that has a picture of chrysanthemum on it. For someone playing it stands important to expose and match all the tiles being displayed on the board.

With some rules that are not very difficult to follow, one can easily learn, play and master this fun filled game called mahjong connect. Starting with matching some limited number of tiles, one can choose options like click, remove or connect to join two matching tiles on the rectangular game board.

With many new changes and newer tools getting added, the game Mahjong connect has evolved greatly with time. Giving players a better experience in terms of fun, excitement and enjoyment this depicts a never ending platform for all those who love to enjoy.

In mahjong connect the tiles move and transform the positions with every move the player makes. When the game ends all the set tiles get reshuffled, but in order to come out as a winner one needs to use and match all the exposed tiles with not even a single one left unused on board.

So, play this game that has been recommended by veterans who are masters in this game of fun, as Mahjong connect.

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Resveratrol Health Benefits – What Are They? Is Resveratrol Really Worth Taking?

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There has been a lot of talk lately about Resveratrol and it’s health benefits. We’ve all heard the about the studies claiming that red wine is actually good for us and beneficial to our health. In this article, I will describe the known benefits of Resveratrol that I have uncovered after my research and use of the supplement.

Resveratrol is an antioxidant found in the skin of red grapes. The purpose of this antioxidant is to protect the core of the grape from possible damage caused by the environment and several other factors. It turns out that this anti oxidant reacts the same way to the cells of our bodies as it does the the core of the grape.

When the cells in our bodies are coated with this antioxidant, it takes the much less effort to have the same results.

Weight Loss.

When we eat a heavy meal, usually what happens is that our body does not have enough energy to process all the food in the time we would like. So what usually happens is that our body will store the excess of calories instead of processing them. This is when we gain weight.

Increased Energy.

As soon as the body has time to get back to work processing those unwanted calories, it does. This is the most common reason for a lack of energy.

Reduced Risk Of Disease.

The body is self healing. If we get cut or bruised, the body heals itself. The same thing happens when we get a disease or sickness. The only reason these things do not heal themselves is because the our body cells are not strong enough.

These are the most commonly talked about Resveratrol health benefits.

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Hardwood Floor Refinishing – Do It Yourself Tips

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If you’re lucky enough to find hardwood floors hiding under your tired carpeting, you might feel like covering the wood back up. That’s understandable because refinishing the floors yourself seems like an impossible task.Hardwood floors were a common feature in houses until the 1960s. Before that, having wall-to-wall carpet was considered a luxury upgrade. From the 1970s on, most homes had wall-to-wall carpet in nearly every room. However, tastes change, and over the last couple decades, hardwood floors have once again become fashionable and desirable. Oftentimes, when I’m talking with someone about fixing houses, they ask if refinishing hardwood floors is something they can do themselves. Unless the person has a physical reason why they can’t do it, I generally say yes. However, I also remind them that redoing hardwood floors takes a great deal of time, sweat, and elbow grease.

As a general rule, floors of fifty square feet or less can be sanded by hand, but for any floor larger than that, rent or buy a small orbital sander. Everything necessary for doing it yourself will be available at your local hardware store. You can buy a pretty good electric sander nowadays for less than $100, which can be a good investment, especially if you’re planning to work on your home on a regular basis.The first layer to be removed is often a thick wax coating, followed by a coat of either polyurethane or varnish. A heavy duty commercial wax stripper can remove the wax, and then a lacquer thinner or acetone can be wiped on to prepare the wood for the next step. If there are any carpet tacks or pieces of old nails in the wood, remove them first. The remnant of a nail can tear up sandpaper, damage a sanding pad, and do serious damage to the palm of your hand, so check carefully to make sure all remnants of tacks and nails are gone before you begin sanding. Fill all nail holes with a quality wood filler, matching the color as closely as you can, and let it dry. Then you’re ready to begin sanding the floor with 220-grit sandpaper, whether by hand or with a sander. When you’re done sanding, wipe the entire floor with a damp cloth to remove as much sanding dust as possible. Damp cloths work better than vacuum cleaners. Let the floor dry, and then wipe it again with a tack rag, which is a cloth impregnated with resin to pick up fine dust particles. Again, your local hardware store will have what you need.After the floor is as clean as you can get it, apply three coats of polyurethane with a paint pad, allowing each coat to dry thoroughly, lightly sanding with 220-grit paper, and wiping the floor with a damp cloth and a tack rag between coats. If you prefer an old-fashioned finish, you can use a 50/50 mixture of linseed oil and mineral spirits and then wax the floors with beeswax or paste wax. Take caution with the chemical mixture and the rags because they can catch on fire.

You can refinish hardwood floors yourself. It just takes time and effort–and a good set of kneepads wouldn’t hurt, either! Once you finish, you’ll have a gorgeous floor to be proud of and ready for that next “do it yourself” project–perhaps the next room with hardwood floors.

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Best Wrinkle Cream Review – Tips to Select Best Wrinkle Cream

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“Wrinkle Creams” that phrase that has changed the way dermatologists used to research about the skin texture. “Best Wrinkle Cream”, the word which gets the highest attention among the women. Best wrinkle creams have finally won the race and beaten the front runners like Botox and facelift surgeries in terms of searches on the web. Women after thirty become self conscious about the way they look. Then they pursue these words on the internet and end up trapped in the viscous cycle of the selfish promotion by the manufacturers.

The Wrinkles and the skin sagginess are natural and can be dealt with once you know how to choose the right skin type product. One of the way outs is to trust the reviews done by the eminent dermatologists and public figures, who have defied the aging signs themselves. The general conception about the wrinkle cream reviews is that the more expensive the sweeter it is. However, you may be disappointed when you see the actual facts being revealed after a good test. Botox, for example, is expensive but has an array of side effects but natural agents like honey and others can be really helpful in triggering anti aging effects.

Bullet points that may hit your Conscience:-

1. Is this natural?

With the present age being tagged as the age of contamination, it is very important to see that your product selection is good and that you it delivers lead you to the expected ageless path of youth. Best wrinkle cream has to be natural in its formulation to trigger natural benefits.

2. What is the price range?

The price range is decided by two contributory factors: marketing cost and the effective ingredient of the cream. It is very important that you know which factor has a heavier share. A hugely marketed product wild always cost more than an effective product with lesser market attention. Marketing helps you to grab eyeballs whereas the ingredients help you to get results.

3. Does it reduce the fell of the wrinkles?

Well, when you are young you can generally feel that your skin is very plump on touch but with aging that feel decreases. Wrinkles of the skin can get lighter with a prolonged usage of a natural wrinkle reducing agent like the Resveratrol, or matrixyl 3000.

4. Does it suit My Skin type?

There are many skin types which makes it difficult to arrive on a perfect conclusion about choosing the product which may help your cause.

The people who know the root causes of the wrinkles always want the best wrinkle creams to be composed of some of the best natural ingredients like the Resveratrol, micro collagen and others.

Don’t Know where To Go?

Considering all the questions that may haunt you, we decided to conduct a market research about the products that are available in the market and ended up finding that natural is the best. Natural wrinkle creams are often called the best as they are devoid of any side effects. However to choose one out of a million is a herculean task.

But don’t worry; we have crafted a way out of this problem of selection by choice. We have reviewed the most widely acknowledged wrinkle creams in the town to come up with a comprehensive result.

That’s not all: we have added a personalized research by simply comparing them on the grounds of effectiveness, cost and ingredients.

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What VigRX Plus Pills Reviews Tell Us

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VigRX Plus reviews tell that VigRX Plus has been helping loads of men from all around the world and works as the best male sexual enhancement product. VigRX plus helps in penis enhancement that gives results in the shortest time. This will result in a larger penis when you get aroused with a lot more erection capacity together with longer lasting sexual performance.

Many reviews of this male enhancement pill say that when one is aroused the penis that has two paired cylinders called the Corpora Cavernosa expands and gets filled with blood. This creates hardness for the erection. Blood to get filled up in Corpora Cavernosa during arousal has certain capacity of its own. This blood filling determines the erection length and thickness, which can decreases with age. There has been research made which say that the penile tissue of the Corpora Cavernosa can function better when it will get exposed to certain specific natural ingredients. This is when the developers made VigRX with the help of natural supplements taking the best quality ingredients with exact dosage required for maximum penis enhancement. Recently one more ingredient was added that is Bioprene, which will help in increase of absorption rates of nutrients that it has. And this led to introduction of VigRX plus.

VigRX Plus pill reviews also say that the result of taking is fast enough as in the first month you will find is the longer lasting erection. Then within a few days you will notice an expansion in the width of your penis. In the advancement of second moth you will notice the excitement. You will find more dramatic changes in the appearances of the penis. Side by side of these superficial changes you will find that your sexual stamina has increased a lot. And lastly in the third month you will notice that when you get an erection you penis wills look and feel firmer, stronger and more solid than you ever imagined it to be. The overall changes after taking VigRX pills are that you will feel improvement in your sexual health; density of your sperm is increased. There are also visible changes in the strengthening and toning effects on the sexual glands; it results in healthy production of sex hormones and increased testosterone levels. You can observe increased stamina and sex drive through the increase in cardiovascular power and improved Circulation.

VigRX Plus reviews tell us that sometimes people go for aggressive prescription or invasive surgery to solve their sexual dysfunction. These methods sometimes cause unwanted and dangerous side effects. The futile attempt of enhancing penis size through non-medical methods such as ineffective exercises or manipulations that brutalize the penis with straps or weights is quite unhealthy. The VigRX has no such side effects, as the ingredients use in making the pill is all herbal and natural. You have to try VigRX for 67 days to enhance your sexual life.

Reviews on this product say that many patients have written positive testimonials regarding the VigRX plus. They are quite happy now that they have used VigRX and even claim that after using the pill for the first day they noticed changes and had firm and long lasting erection. They say in the past they could only ejaculate once a day but now after taking the pill it has increased to two to three times a day.

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Tips on Buying Cheap Vitamin Supplement

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Cheap vitamin ads can easily be found in the Internet. They allure us with healthy body in a cheaper way. Who do not want that?

Beyond the promising healthy body advertisement, it is our responsibility to choose the right vitamin for out body. Be smart, because vitamin suppose to help our body maintain its prime condition, not the other way round.

Below are some tips to get maximum health benefit in minimum payment.

1. Do not over supply your body with vitamin.

The smartest way is to buy multivitamin or multivitamin mineral supplement. That will reduce your spending budget on vitamin compared to buying each vitamin in single dose pill. Multivitamin mineral supplements can cover daily vitamin needs. Look at the ingredient data facts and compare each vitamin amount to FDA daily allowance.

2. The manufacturer is the major key.

Do not just buy cheap vitamin supplement without further exploration on the manufacturer company. Here are some important questions about vitamin manufacturer as examples:

-How do they get the raw materials?

-Do they have high standard on the raw materials?

-Have they registered their company and product to a legal council?

-Do they have testimonials from happy customers?

-How do they act trough claims?

3. Estimate the vitamins quantity with the shipping time and expired date.

We usually get lower price or higher discount when we buy large amount of vitamin supplement. It is OK to do so, as long as we can finish consuming them before expiration date. Otherwise it will be wasting money because we buy too much supplement with no enough time to eat them.

4. Choose the simplest formula

You want to buy cheap vitamin, so pick one with no advance formulation like time-release tablet. Time-release tablet enable the active ingredient to be released slowly. So it can stabilize the amount of it in your body for longer time. Tablets like this have done a more complex making process compare to usual tablet, so the price will be higher too. For those who want to buy vitamin supplement at cheaper price, buy usual tablet formula. The end result will be no big different.

Be smart. Healthy living need some cost but not cost that high to maintain it.

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Ron Paul Predicts a Collapse of the Housing Market

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Earlier this year, Ron Paul wrote an article wherein he predicts a collapse of the US housing market. His perspective is unique in that he’s placing the blame for this housing market collapse squarely on the shoulders of the Federal Reserve. Take a look at what Ron Paul had to say in his article – Don’t Blame the Market for the Housing Bubble (Reference One):

“The U.S. housing market, long considered vulnerable by many economists, is now on the verge of suffering a serious collapse in many regions. Commodities guru and hedge fund manager Jim Rogers warns that real estate in expensive bubble areas will drop 40 or 50%. Mainstream media outlets like the New York Times are reporting breathlessly about the possibility of widespread defaults on subprime mortgages.”

While Dr. Paul is expressing his concerns of an inevitable collapse in the US Housing Market – the thrust of arguments point toward the federal intervention of the Federal Reserve as being the main source of the problem. This is completely consistent with his views that federal intervention – of almost any kind – is not Constitutional. In the same article (Reference One), Ron Paul considers the Federal Reserve to be too liberal in its lending:

“But capitalism is not to blame for the housing bubble, the Federal Reserve is. Specifically, Fed intervention in the economy – through the manipulation of interest rates and the creation of money – caused the artificial boom in mortgage lending.”

Earlier this week, in an article by the New York Times (Reference Two), three officials of the Federal Reserve said that serious problems in the housing market are a threat to the economy. This is exactly what Ron Paul had predicted a few months earlier this year. Although the Federal Reserve doesn’t seem to be blaming themselves for the housing market collapse – I doubt they ever would.

Regardless, it seems the Ron Paul has been quite accurate in his assessment and prediction of the housing markets.

E Lawrence Welch

References:

Reference One,

Don’t Blame the Market for the Housing Bubble,

By Ron Paul,

Link – Don’t Blame the Market for the Housing Bubble

Reference Two,

New York Times,

Link – New York Times

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Wide Shoes For Women

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Shopping for shoes is great fun and something I enjoy doing and am sure most women do. Especially now we have wide shoes for women. The problem though is some shoes look absolutely amazing, but you simply can not get them on your feet. In fact, you may get those anyway, no matter how much they hurt forgetting the health dangers that come with it in the future.

If you have naturally wide feet, you may be already wearing wide shoes for women.This does not mean that you have fat feet, as some women think. They will wear the regular cut just because they think wide shoes for women are embarrassing. All it means is that your foot is built wider than others. Most have this in the family, meaning the foot structure is just wider. They are not any less attractive than other feet, and should not be anything to worry about. Just get the right shoes and you are going to be fine.They  are made just for you. They fit right and you can get gorgeous designs which are a show stopper.

What can happen with some people is that their feet get wider and flatter as they get older. No one is sure why, but it might just be the course of life and bearing the weight of the body. What is even more confusing for some women is that one foot can be wider than the other. It is not something that anyone would see looking at the feet, but it is obvious when shoes are on the feet. In this case, one foot needs wide shoes for women and the other does not. When that happens, these would be the best option for you. What can also happen is that some women’s feet swell a lot this may be due to so many factors.I know in my case i do experience  especially during hot weather not to mention when am travelling in a car or plane and even walking.Because this is part of my life i opt for the wide shoes for women which do me very well and i can get amazing shoes that are trendy,comfortable fit and i don’t have to ruin my back and feet. Also, remember when you may have something like a bunion on your feet you can still wear great shoes from the wide selection for wide shoes for women and still look great.

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Fix My Wii Troubleshoot Problem

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Got problems with your Wii that has a troubleshoot problem? There are 3 ways to successfully solve your troubleshooting problems… What you could do is to send your console to Nintendo, to a repair shop, or you could actually fix the problems by yourself. It’s hard to choose if you don’t know what the best option is, right? Let me help you! I will compare them, and you’ll make a choice, deal?

Sending your Wii that’s having a troubleshoot problem to Nintendo

What you could do is that you send your console to Nintendo. Although, this might sound like a great idea, but seriously, look better! The costs and the waiting times are horrible! Watch this.

When you do this, you’ll have to pay $82,50 and that’s including the handling and shipping costs. That’s quite a lot of money you’ll have to pay there isn’t it? Another huge downside are the waiting times. Many people had to wait literally for weeks and weeks until they had their Wii back.

Send your console to a repair shop

Another thing that you could do, is to send your console that’s having the troubleshoot problem to a repair shop. Basically, this is exactly the same as sending it to Nintendo, but the only difference is the waiting time. The price would be almost the same…

When you do this, you will have to count on a $60 to $80 repair costs. Also, the waiting times are at least 1 week, and could go up easily to 2 weeks… Keep that in mind!

Repair your Wii troubleshoot problem by…. Yourself!

The best option that you’ve got to fix your Wii troubleshoot problem, is to actually fix it by yourself. It will be cheap, fast and easy, as long as you use a repair guide.

This repair guide will help you step by step to fix your troubleshoot problem with easy to understand instructions and detailed photo’s.

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